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MACGAFFEY, J. 1991. The real economy of Zaire: the contribution of smuggling and other unofficial activities to national wealth. London: James Currey.

MARTIN, D. 1974. General Amin. London: Faber & Faber.

MATATU, G. 1974. 'Amin'. Africa Magazine 37, no. September: 70.

MAZRUI, A. A. 1975. 'The Resurrection of the Warrior Tradition in African political culture'. Journal of Modern African Studies 13, no. 1: 67-84.

———. 1975. Soldiers and Kinsmen in Uganda: the making of a military ethnocracy. Beverly Hills/London: Sage Publications.

———. 1977. 'Religious strangers in Uganda: from Emin pasha to Amin Dada'. African Affairs 76, no. 302: 21-38.

MAZRUI, A. A. ed. 1977. The warrior tradition in Modern Africa. Leiden: E J Brill.

McCONNELL, R. E. 1925. 'Notes on the Lugwari tribe of Central Africa'. Journal of Royal African Institute 55, no. -: 439-67.

MEAGHER, K. 1990. 'The hidden economy: informal and parallel trade in Northwestern Uganda'. Review of African Political Economy 47: 64-83.

MIDDLETON, J. F. M. 'The concept of "bewitching" in Lugbara'. Africa 25, no. 3: 252-60.

———. 1955. 'Myth, history and mourning taboos in Lugbara'. Uganda Journal 19, no. 2: 194-203.

———. 1955. 'Notes on the political organisation of the Madi of Uganda'. African Studies 14, no. 1: 29-36.

———. 1958. 'The political system of the Lugbara of the Nile-Congo divide'. Tribes without rulers: Studies in African Segmentary Systems. eds. J. F. M. Middleton and D. Tait , -. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

———. 1960. Lugbara Religion: Ritual and Authority among an East African People. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute.

———. 1962. 'Trade and markets among the Lugbara of Uganda.'. Markets in Africa. eds. P. Bohannan and G. Dalton, -. Chicago: Northwestern university Press.

———. 1963. 'The Yakan or Allah Water Cult among the Lugbara'. Journal of the Royal African Institute 93, no. 1: 80-108.

———. 1966. 'The resolution of conflict among the Lugbara of Uganda.'. Political Anthropology. eds. V. W. Turner and A. Tuden M. J. Swartz, -. Chicago: Aldine Publishing.

———. 1970a. The Study of the Lugbara: Expectations and paradox in Anthropological Research. New York: Holt, Rhinehart and Winston.

———. 1970b. 'Political incorporation among the Lugbara of Uganda'. From tribe to nation in Africa: Studies in incorporation processes. eds. R. Cohen and J. Middleton, -. Scranton, Pennsylvania: Chandler Publishing.

———. 1971b. 'Some effects of colonial rule among the Lugbara.'. Colonialism in Africa 1870-1960. ed. V. Turner, -. Cambridge: Cambridge university Press.

———. 1982. 'Lugbara death.'. Death and the Regeneration of life. eds. M. Bloch and J. Parry, -. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

———. 1992. The Lugbara of Uganda, 2nd Edition. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

MIDDLETON, J. F. M. & GREENLAND D. J. 1954. "Land and Population in West Nile District, Uganda" in: The Geographical Journal, London, Vol. 120, No. 4, December 1954, pp. 446-457. London.

MIDDLETON, John. 1955. Myth, History and Mourning Taboos in Lugbara. The Uganda Journal 19, no. 2: 194-203.

———. 1956. The Role of Chiefs and Headmen among the Lugbara of West Nile District, Uganda. Journal of African Admnistration, London 8, no. 1: 32-38.

———. 1958. The Political System of the Lugbara of the Nile-Congo Divide. Tribes Without Rulers. eds. J. and Tait D. Middleton, 203-29. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.

———. 1958. "The Yakan Cult among the Lugbara", in: Man, London, Vol. 58, Nos. 155/156, July 1958, pp. 112. London.

———. 1960. The Lugbara. East African Chiefs. ed. A. I. Richards, 326-43. London: Faber and Faber Ltd..

———. 1960. Lugbara Religion: Ritual and Authority among an East African People. London: Oxford university Press.

———. 1960. Social Change among the Lugbara of Uganda. Civilizations, Bruxelles 10, no. 4: 446-56.

———. 1961. The Social Significance of Lugbara Personal Names. The Uganda Journal 25, no. 1: 34-42.
———. 1964. Three Lugbara Myths. A Selection of African Prose, (Part I: Traditional Oral Texts). ed. W. Whitely, 128-34. Oxford: Clarendon Press

———. 1965. The Lugbara of Uganda . New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston

———. 1968. "Some Categories of Dual Classification among the Lugbara of Uganda", in: History of Religions, Chicago, Vol. 7, No. 3(February 1968):187-208. Chicago.

.———. 1969. Oracles and Divination among the Lugbara of Uganda. Man in Africa. eds. M. and Kaberry P. M. Douglas, 261-77. London: Tavistock Publications.

———. 1969. Spirit Possession among the Lugbara. Spirit Mediumship and Society in Africa. J. and MIDDLETON J. BEATTIE, 220-231. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd..

———. 1970. Political Incorporation among the Lugbara of Uganda. From Tribe to Nation in Africa. eds. R. & Middleton J. Cohen, 55-70. Scranton, Penn.: Chandler Publishing Co..

———. 1970. The Role of Chiefs and Headmen among the Lugbara of West Nile District, Uganda. Black Africa, Its Peoples and Their Cultures Today. ed. J. Middleton, 126-32. New York: Macmillan.

———. 1971. Prophets and Rain-makers: Agents of Social Change among the Lugbara of Uganda. Translations from Culture. ed. T. O. Beidelman, 179-201. London: Tavistock.

———. 1971. Some effects of Colonial Rule among the Lugbara of Uganda. Colonialism in Africa, (Vol. 3). ed. V. Turner, 6-48. London: Cambridge University.

———. 1972. The Lugbara of North-Western Uganda. Cultural Material for Population Planning in East Africa, Vol. 2 (1972):249-257; Vol. 3(1973): 289-298. S. MolnosNairobi: East African Publishing House.

———. 1973. Secrecy in Lugbara Religion. History of Religions, Chicago 12, no. 4: 299-316.

———. 1977. Ritual and Ambiguity in Lugbara Society. Secular Ritual. eds. S. F. and Myerhoff B. G. Moore, 73-90. Asse: Van Gorcum.

———. 1978. "The Rainmaker among the Lugbara of Uganda", in: Systèmes de signes: textes réunis en hommage à Germaine Dieterlen, pp. 377-388. Paris: Hermann.

———. 1982. Lugbara Death. Death and the Regeneration of Life. eds. M. and Parry J. Bloch, 134-54. London: Cambridge University Press.

MOORE, E. D. 1931. Ivory, Scourge of Africa. New York and London: Harper & Brothers.

MOYSE-BARTLETT, H. 1956. The King's African Rifles: a Study in the Military History of East and Central Africa, 1890-1945 . Aldershot: Gale & Polden Ltd.

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