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BABA, James B. 1971. "'Adiyo: the coming of the Kakwa and the development of their institutions.' Undergraduate dissertation." Makerere University.

BARNES, DEAN V. L. 1986. 'Lugbara illness beliefs and social change.'. Africa 56, no. 3: 334-51.

COLLINS, R. O. 1958. 'Anglo-Congolese negotiations 1900-1906.'. Zaire 12, no. 5-6: 479-512; 619-654.

———. 1960. 'Ivory poaching in the Lado Enclave.'. Uganda Journal 24, no. 2: 217-28.

———. 1962. The Southern Sudan, 1883-1898: a struggle for control. New Haven, London: Yale University Press.

———. 1962a. 'Sudan-Uganda boundary rectification and the Sudanese occupation of Madial, 1914.'. Uganda Journal 26, no. 2: 140-153.

———. 1968. King Leopold, England and the Upper Nile, 1899-1909. New Haven, London: Yale University Press.

———. 1971. Land beyond the rivers: the Southern Sudan 1898-1918. New Haven, London: Yale University Press.

COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMME (CAP). 1993. Arua District, a Profile. Arua: Community Action Programme.

COOKEY, S. J. S. 1968. Britain and the Congo Question 1885-1913. London: Longmans Green and Co.

CRAZZOLARA, J. P. 1960. A Study of the Logbara (Ma'di) Language. London: Oxford University Press.

CRAZZOLARA, J. Pasquale. 1950-1954. The Lwoo (3 volumes. Part I - Lwoo Migrations. Part II - Lwoo Traditions. Part III - Clans). Verona: Istituto Missioni Africane.

———. 1960. A Study of the Lugbara(Ma'di) Language: Grammar and Vocabulary. London, New york, Toronto: Oxford University Presss for International African Institute.

CRISP, J. 1986. 'Ugandan Refugees in Sudan and Zaire: the problem of repatriation. African Affairs 85: 163-80.

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